Vaccination is essential to stimulate one’s immune system and the vaccination schedule starts right from the birth. These vaccinations ameliorate infectious disease and protect us from deadly diseases. It is important to start vaccinations early in life as the infant’s or child’s immune system is not fully developed and are more prone to diseases.
Diseases like whooping cough or pneumococcal disease can be very serious and could be fatal. Therefore vaccination schedule should start right from birth to teenage. If you are a teenager or have a teen member in your family this article is must read for you and be aware of the seven vaccines that should be administered at teenage.
Tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) or tetanus-diphtheria (Td) booster
A Tdap vaccine can protect us from Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis which are very serious diseases. One dose of Tdap is routinely given at the age 11 or 12. If missed, this Tdap can be given between the age of 13 and 18. Pregnant women should get a dose of Tdap to protect the newborn from pertussis.
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the infection that causes warts in various parts of the body, depending on the strain. The HPV vaccine is recommended for both boys and girls to prevent genital warts and certain types of cancers. This vaccine should be given for children between 11-12 years. Normally, two shots of HPV vaccine six to twelve months apart are given to teens before the age of 15.
Chickenpox is a contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It causes a blister-like rash, itching accompanied by fever and fatigue. Two doses of the vaccine are about 90% effective at preventing chickenpox. The chickenpox vaccine should be given to teenagers who have never had chickenpox and neither has received its shot.
Meningococcal disease is caused by the type of bacteria called “Neisseria meningitidis”, which is also known as meningococcus. This causes infections in the lining of the brain & spinal cord (meningitis) and bloodstream infections (bacteremia or septicemia). The meningococcal conjugate vaccine should be given to preteens and teens aged between 11-13 years. At the age of 16, a booster vaccine is given.
This is an immunization vaccine to prevent measles, mumps, and rubella. These diseases are airborne and can spread easily from an infected person to non-infected person. The Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine can protect children & adults from all three of these diseases. If your teen has not yet got this vaccination then its recommended to consult your doctor and get the vaccine as soon as possible.
Influenza is caused by influenza viruses and it is a severe respiratory illness. Older people, young children and people with certain health conditions are at high risk of influenza. You should get vaccinated every year to prevent this disease and not only teenagers everyone should get a shot to prevent this flu.
Hepatitis A and B
Hepatitis A vaccine is essential to prevent liver disease caused by the Hepatitis A virus(HAV). Hepatitis B vaccine should be given to prevent Hepatitis B virus (HBV) which is transmitted via blood or sexual contact. There is also a combination vaccine that safeguards against Hepatitis A and B. Consult with your doctor and get your shot.
“Vaccines save lives; fear endangers them. It’s a simple message parents need to keep hearing.” — journalist Jeffrey Kluger.